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̷Ⱥʵ;

ʱ䣺2019-07-08 Դ ߣα 4271

ժ    Ҫȫ򾭼õķչ, óϵ, ҵȺϷȨֺս͹Ⱥıǹ̷ֵرֵֵ̽һĽԵǰ̷ᄈµȺҪ, ̷ֶ֤

ؼʣ̷; ó; Ⱥ; Ȩ; ƽ;

羭ýṹŻ⿪Ĺ, ҵȫھеıֲ, ûƵرȺĺϷȨΪ߹óȺıˮƽ, Թ̷зӦ, άгĹƽ

һȺ

̷Ⱥ, ָڹóдƵϵ, ȰȻ, Ҳ () ֯Ҫ:СҵɷƵͶʵͶ̬ͻԴܼǷ () ѭضĿµĹ֯ЩȺѽ̸άֹóеĺϷȨ, ƾгƵĵ, ܲĶԴ, ؽù̷άȨ˵, κһóжƵһ, κһóģʽ¶Ȩ񸺵̷ȺҲǾԵ, ԶԵ;ھ尸, Ҫó˫ȫԱ, ȷ˭ƵȺ1

̷Ⱥ

(һ) Ʒƶ

ó׾, Ⱥ漫, ǿƷҲͼʧת޵Ʒ̷רԹóƶĹ, һ̶ϱȸڷЧ;ͬƶڷʱ, չ̷, ӶƺǿƷȺĿ, ά羭ùƽ, ŷ˳ڶҹзͷ, ҹղĸ߶˰;ҹڶԹ̷ع̽, оƹ, һʼı, ܹػά, ɹƵλ

() ά

̷óӦصĻԭάĹͬóΥ̷Ϊ, ҵȺǹ̷ƽԭֱ, ڽ̬ƻһϵȫش——Ⱥ, ά, ձڽ“”֮, ϼ, ɫƽ֯ijڲȫ̬ϵͳĽչڲԼĹڲϹʷԺ2014ö, ձϼIJ“޹”, ʵ׷󾭼, ӦֹͣȻ, ûзܹ“г”֮Դй, ձIJͼ?Ҫ̷ѧǵļǻۺ͸ִߵŬ

() ڹƽг

ó׵ǿȺ岻϶ȺӶ, Ⱥչ, ֻܱȽó̷ȺӦеȨ, ʹ˫λƽ, ȫԴøӺгƸӹƽ, ΪһڳΪΪ, 2019Ȩ889ֹӻΪ豸ͷ, ֹ뻪ΪĿͻǩͬṩʹ;Υܷ, ͬʱɲųҵڱڴҵ, Υ̷Ϊ, һΪǰЩʱ򱻷Ƿ۵ԮԼԳóױߵĻػ, Ҳάȫƽó׻Ƶ¸Ҿٴ, ؽȺṩάȨ

̷Ⱥʵ;

̷αȺ

(һ) Ҫʱ

̷ȺȨı, ʵ巨Ҫʻ˰շʺԼ;ͬʱԹٲùΪ¹ϵ÷ΪĹ³ͻ߹ͬеĹ̷ϵԹʻΪ, ˫ʱ“”“ǿ”, Ҳʱ“ǿ”“”, ؽ㹻ķɱ, 򷽿⵽֤թ, ӦջܱӳҶ, ǰĹ̷ (硶CISGԼ) ܹȽЧعܿؽ׷, ػȺĺϷȨ, ڹʺԼ, ƽ˺˵ǶȺЧѵӡ򡷵, ⵽ѹ, ⳥޶, ǿ;Ƚܹӳչйһʺó׵ʱ, ڱƷ, Ǹֵķɹ, ʲƷη涨, Ʒ, ֱҵ׷һ淶չ˵ΪȺȨ, ΪĹ϶Ȼ, ̷ڽϴĸĽռƶ, Աûп͹۵ضԱȸó׵λ, Ҳ޷гʱ;ܶʱһζӱ, ӹó׵ı——ȫ, Ҳ“˾DZԼ”;²ֹ淶Ȩʧ, Ʒ, ̷ƶܷǿȨȨ˼άӰ, ùչйȻƵλοչж, ƶ̷͹ƶȸĸ, ٽó׹ƽջݻ, άȨ, ǹչйԵĿ

ֵע, δȫ򾭼õ̬ģʽ᲻սй̷ϵ־õĽһչϳȴҵ, Ҳɹ淶ٽսofo“СƳ”ʽѺ, Ͷߺû;Facebookûй¶簲ȫ©ζµȺ, ЧǵĺϷȨ, ͬǹֵӦ֮

() ˾ڻƴ

̷Ũ˽ɫ, Ҫй, һΪӱܴĿռù̷Ҫԭܹʵ巨ͳͻ, ˵ķˮƽ˲Сսͬʱ, ڹóױĶϴ̸, ҲȺ˸߰˾ɱΪ˽ȺάȨɱ, άȨ;, Ҫдƻƴ֤ݻƴ°Ͻƴⷨɲƴµ, 2ľʹȺĺϷȨʵֿ³ͻ赱˹㷺ѡռ, ѡԺͷ϶к̷ֻܴڳͻ˫ķ洦Ȼƽȵĵλʱ, ŻʵȺб;ͻԴȺ, ʧҲȺ, ôȺ岻ܻòıɴ˿ɼ, ̷ΪȺ“ɡ”ʵֺǿ, ĿڱϹó׵Ĺƽ, ڷ¢, ڴھСҵϵƾͷҵ, γɺ¢Э, ǿҵʱ, Ȼһζ̻ΪȨߵСҵ, ӦάƱ, ¢ʩԳͷ, ڹٷֹѹƶ, Ͷ߽Ͷܼ͵IJҵй½תɱӵĶ, һϵ漰֪ʶȨͶȨ˰պҵľͶǷķɹϵ, ˭ǸҪȺ?ºѶһ, طɲ, ξƿܲȶ, ҹͶΪһ;һ, ҹͶӵʽϵĹؼ, Ϊǿһַҵʵֵ, ٽӮ?̷ӳֵĴ

() ִ滹ۺʩ

ȷ̷Чʵʩ, һdzֵܶ˾ȡִʩ̷ܹ, 㲻Ϊ, ִԱҲЧִ;ִй̳, ҵͻ֮, ȺȼΪ˽һ, (Ƿ) Ӧڹ̷ִ𵽱, ̷ִ, ó֯ҲӦýƵִкͼලϵͳ, õطӸĿǰ, Ҫͨ˾Э̷“ִ”, 2017515, Ժڶ“һһ·”Ͱ, “߶Źɷ޹˾Ϻִ¼¸ߵȷԺо”, ϵйԺ״γϺִ¼·Ժол񹲺͹Ϸڶٰʮ涨, ϺִԺоΪԼ򻥻ԭ, Ŀǰй벻֮һ“һһ·”߹ǩ໥Ϻִо˾ЭԼ, ¼²ڴ, “֮Ƿڻݹϵ”Ϊ¼·ԺȳϺִййԺо, Ժ״϶֮ڻݹϵ, ݻԭϺִ¼·Ժоִ, , , ӹ̷Լ, ҹ˼ʵһ

“ִ”, ̷“ظִ”ظ˰͹ص˰ʮͻ֤Ƶλ˰˸, ȻгõĽչڴ, ܹһɹʶǩЧĹʹԼδ, ̷ӦӦǿִƶ, ӶõȺı3



, ȫDzתʱ, ó彫ӿó׷ʽ渴, óǿԱȿܸʧȻ̷ȺȨһ̶ȵı, ÷Ȼȱ, Ҫ岻̽, ̷ֵΨһ, ֻа“Ⱥ”, Э, ʵջݵĹƽó

ע

1 , ¿ӯ.Թʾ÷ھ÷ϵ˼.ѧѧ (ѧ) .2014, 16 (2) :189-194.
2 .̷еһ㷨ԭֵо.ִ̳.2015 (26) :247-248.
3 (4) ͦ.ԱȺжѧ̷ְѧе̽.ѧ̳.2012 (25) :158-160.
4 ½.˽Ƶʵ.Ժ·ͥ.2018.8.
5 Ӽ.̷еȺо.Ʋ.2015 (19) .

    α.۹̷ֵȺ[J].,2019(12):8-9.
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